1. The Báb and Bahá'u'lláh:

    Commentary:
    "...on either side" shows that there were to be two Trees of Life - The Báb and Bahá'u'lláh.
    In addition to restating the unchanging spiritual principles of all past religions, Bahá'u'lláh has revealed twelve new teachings ("twelve kinds of fruit") to bring about The Most Great Peace ("for the healing of the nations:")


  2. The new name: Bahá'í

    Commentary:
    Bahá'u'lláh is the new name of God's Manifestation in this age. "Bahá'u'lláh" is Arabic, meaning "the Glory of God". Those who have declared their belief in Him are Bahá'í - not Christian, Muslim, etc.

  3. The Báb ("the Gate") as forerunner to Bahá'u'lláh:

    Commentary:
    Malachi 3:1 is a chronological prophecy of three figures:

    John 10:2 - Báb means "Gate" or "Door" in Arabic. Bahá'u'lláh is He Who entered by "Gate," having been Himself a Bábí, and heralded by the Báb.

    Jesus said (John 10:16) "And I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also... and they shall be one flock with one Shepherd." Bahá'u'lláh is that Shepherd to unite all flocks (religions).


  4. Martyrdom of the Báb ("the Gate") and tens of thousands of His followers:

    Commentary:
    "Lift up your heads" i.e. be proud of your fated martyrdom.

    "0 gates" referring to the 20,000 Bábí martyrs ("Báb" means "Gate")

    "be lifted up" i.e. be sacrificed as martyrs.

    "That the King of glory may come in!" Bahá'u'lláh means "Glory of God" - He is the King of Glory.

    Psalms 24:7-10 is an important key to understanding prophecy inasmuch as it clearly identifies Bahá'u'lláh as the Lord of Hosts: "Who is the King of glory? The LORD of hosts, He is the King of glory."

    The theme of this Psalm is that the ultimate sacrifice by a great number of Bábí martyrs would precede the establishment of Bahá'u'lláh's own revelation.

  5. Prince Husayn Alí (Bahá'u'lláh) was incarcerated and then exiled by the king (Shah) of Persia (Iran):

    Commentary:
    "...the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me..." foretells the opposition of the Shah (King) of Persia (Iran) to the Cause of God revealed by Bahá'u'lláh.

    "for twenty-one days" refers to the 21 Islamic lunar years between the declaration of the Báb in 1260AH and Bahá'u'lláh's Proclamation to the Kings in 1281AH. (See the "Time Line" section of this course for more details on prophecies relating to important dates in history.)

    "Michael" is a Hebrew name meaning "One Who is like God" ...another way of saying "The Glory of God." Bahá'u'lláh not only revealed God's teachings (see the commentary for note #1 re: the 12 principles, etc.) but manifested in His every act the perfect qualities of God (e.g.: love, justice, knowledge, grace, etc.) As such He is both the Word of God, and His symbol and image on earth. Thus the name: "Michael."

    "Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me..." This is Mirza Husayn Alí (Bahá'u'lláh) who was from a distinguished family of Persian nobility descended from Yazdigird III - the last king of the Sasaniyan dynasty. (See the "Genealogy" section of this course for prophetic details regarding the genealogy of the Manifestations of God.)

  6. Bahá'u'lláh's first exile, to 'Iraq (ancient Elam), where He publicly declared His mission:

    Commentary:
    "Elam" is an ancient kingdom in territory now called 'Iraq. This is where Bahá'u'lláh declared His revelation. Thus, God set His throne in Elam.

  7. Bahá'u'lláh's proclamation to the Kings and Rulers in 1281AH, and their subsequent downfall:

    Commentary:
    "the host of heaven" are the religious leaders; "heaven" is the religion established by past Manifestations of God. "...on high" refers to the Holy Books of these past religions, as they are the "heights" of the religion.
    The meaning of all this is that religious leaders would be censured in the new Holy Book (Bahá'u'lláh's Holy Texts) for their sins

    "and (punish) the kings of the earth, on earth." This prophecy was fulfilled, as recorded in the history of the 19th century; All the Kings who rejected Bahá'u'lláh's summons lost their thrones.

  8. Bahá'u'lláh's final banishment to the prison-city of 'Akka, Israel:

    Commentary:
    Isaiah 59:20 says that "a Redeemer will come to Zion." By exiling Bahá'u'lláh to the Holy Land His enemies unwittingly caused the fulfillment of prophecies such as this.

    Isaiah 60:1 says "your light has come to Zion," just as Bahá'u'lláh came to the Holy Land. It goes on to say "the glory of the LORD has risen upon you." Bahá'u'lláh means "The Glory of God," or the glory of the LORD. And, as the sun arises in the east, so too did Bahá'u'lláh come from Persia in the east.

    The light of Bahá'u'lláh's teaching gained intensity during His exile in Zion; Here He wrote some of His most significant works.

  9. During His exile in Israel, Bahá'u'lláh wrote the "Kitab-i-Aqdas" (Most Holy Book) - His book of social and religious laws:

    Commentary:
    "let us go up to the mountain of the LORD..." refers to Mt. Carmel (Hebrew for "God's vineyard") upon which the Universal House of Justice - the law giving body of the Bahá'í world community - was established. Bahá'u'lláh waited for years to reveal His laws, doing so only after His banishment to Zion, and in fulfillment of this prophecy.

    Revelation 21:1 says "I saw a new heaven and a new earth" this being the new religion and the new social order brought by Bahá'u'lláh. The divisions (like sea's that divide nations and peoples) will be bridged by the new revelation.

    The last three quotes from Revelation say that the new Jerusalem would be illumined with Bahá'u'lláh, and it's lamp is the Báb.

  10. The "Kitab-i-Aqdas" ordains and outlines a Divine world government - The Universal House of Justice - permanently seated on Mount Carmel, Israel:

    Commentary:
    Isaiah 9:6 says "...the government will rest upon His shoulders" refers to Bahá'u'lláh's Universal House of Justice situate on Mt. Carmel, Israel. "His name will be called Wonderful Counselor" because of Bahá'u'lláh's principles of consultation and arbitration to adjust international affairs. "Eternal Father:" The Father's role is to gather the family of mankind - to establish world unity. "Prince of Peace:" because, unlike Jesus Who specifically renounced this title, Bahá'u'lláh clearly stated that establishing "The Most Great Peace" was His precise mission.

    Isaiah 9:7 says "There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace." because, unlike Jesus Who disclaimed any temporal rule, Bahá'u'lláh established a world government that is currently operating, in embryonic form, within the Bahá'í world community. "The zeal of the LORD of hosts (The King of Glory - Bahá'u'lláh) will accomplish this."

    On Mt. Carmel is the Bahá'í world centre and location of the Shrine of the Bab which is the focal point of Bahá'í pilgrims from around the world.

  11. Bahá'u'lláh died at the age of seventy-five, and was buried at the mansion at Bahji that His son, 'Abdu'l-Bahá, had rented for Him in His final years of life in exile.

    Commentary:
    " His grave was assigned to be with wicked men" - When Bahá'u'lláh was exiled to 'Akka, it was an unhealthy prison city populated with convicted thieves and murderers. He was to die there in shame and infamy.

    "...yet with a rich man in His death" - Bahá'u'lláh lived another 25 years in 'Akka and vicinity, died at the rented mansion of Bajhi, and was buried on the opposite corner of the mansion from it's wealthy owner.

    "...although He had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in His mouth." - Bahá'u'lláh was a prisoner of conscience; His only "crime" was His religion.

    "But the LORD was pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief; if He would render Himself as a guilt offering..." - Baha'u'llah suffered stoning, scourging, poisoning, exile, galling imprisonment, personal loss, duplicity, betrayal and public humiliation to bring us the Kingdom of God on earth. Bahá'u'lláh wrote of His sacrifice: The Ancient Beauty hath consented to be bound with chains that mankind may be released from its bondage, and hath accepted to be made a prisoner within this most mighty Stronghold that the whole world may attain unto true liberty. He hath drained to its dregs the cup of sorrow, that all the peoples of the earth may attain unto abiding joy, and be filled with gladness. This is of the mercy of your Lord, the Compassionate, the Most Merciful. We have accepted to be abased, O believers in the Unity of God, that ye may be exalted, and have suffered manifold afflictions, that ye might prosper and flourish. He Who hath come to build anew the whole world, behold, how they that have joined partners with God have forced Him to dwell within the most desolate of cities! Baha'u'llah, Gleanings from the Writings of Baha'u'llah, p. 99

    "He will see His offspring" which were His children 'Abdu'l-Bahá, Bihiya Kahnum, and Mirza Mihdi.

    "He will prolong His days" living to the age of 75.

    "...and the good pleasure of the LORD will prosper in His hand." - During His own lifetime the Faith of God had spread to 4 countries, the Holy Writings had been translated a number of languages, and the Cause had over 100,000 adherents.

  12. Bahá'u'lláh's ministry extended over a period of forty years

    Commentary:
    "As in the days when you came out from the land of Egypt..." - The Israelites wandered in the Sinai desert 40 years - the exact length of Bahá'u'lláh's ministry.

    "...I will show you miracles." - What miracle is greater than that prophecies thousands of years old should be fulfilled and that God should manifest Himself in our modern world?

  13. The covenant of Bahá'u'lláh established His son, and His great-grandson, as the only interpreters of His Cause:

    Commentary:
    "My words which I have put in Your mouth, shall not depart from Your mouth" - Bahá'u'lláh,
    "nor from the mouth of Your offspring" - Bahá'u'lláh's son, 'Abdu'l-Bahá,
    "nor from the mouth of Your offspring's offspring" - Bahá'u'lláh's great-grandson, Shoghi Effendi,
    "from now and forever." - Bahá'u'lláh's Universal House of Justice.

  14. 'Abdu'l-Bahá (Bahá'u'lláh's "Most Great Branch") lead the Bahá'í Faith and built the Shrine of the Báb on Mt. Carmel, Israel:

    Commentary:
    'Abdu'l-Bahá was designated by His Father as the "Most Great Branch" of the Tree of Life (Bahá'u'lláh). Exiled with His Father from far off Persia, 'Abdu'l-Bahá bore the honour and responsibility leading the Faith of God in the years between Bahá'u'lláh's death in 1892 and Abdu'l-Bahá's own death in the Holy Land in 1921. In His other office as the sole interpreter and perfect exemplar of Bahá'u'lláh's teachings, Abdu'l-Bahá was as a priest on His Father's throne. Thus, the counsel of peace was between the two offices

  15. Promise of peace on earth:

    Commentary:
    The central purpose of Bahá'u'lláh's mission is to establish on earth what He terms "The Most Great Peace." This will be accomplished through the unifying forces of His Most Holy Faith, and the laws and institutions He has ordained and established for a new World Order.

  16. Promise of the re-establishment of Jews in Israel:

    Commentary:
    The "Edict of Toleration" signed by the Sultan of Turkey in 1844 (the year the Bahá'í Faith started) opened the doors to Jews from around the world to return to Ottoman protectorate of Palestine. This culminated in the establishment of the state of Israel there 103 years later.

  17. Promise of a universal language:

    Commentary:
    One of the 12 principles of Bahá'u'lláh is the establishment of one world federal government. Another of His principles is the establishment of a universal auxiliary language and, ultimately, the further reduction to only one language.

  18. Promise of world unity:

    Commentary:
    Complimenting His laws and principle of one world government, Bahá'u'lláh said: That which God hath ordained as the sovereign remedy and mightiest instrument for the healing of the world is the union of all its peoples in one universal Cause, one common Faith. This can in no wise be achieved except through the power of a skilled, an all-powerful, and inspired  Physician.

  19. Promise of mass spiritualization:

    Commentary:
    The people of the world will be inspired by the unifying spirit of one pure religion freed of man-made dogma and the manipulation of religious and secular leaders; The Bahá'í Faith has no clergy.

  20. Promise of one world religion:

    Commentary:
    In accepting the Divine inspiration of the Founders of all the major worlds religions, the Bahá'í Faith sets the stage for true and lasting religious harmony. (See also the commentary for note #18)

  21. Promise of one world government:

    Commentary:
    (See Commentary for notes #15 and #18)

  22. Bible's warning of world-shaking upheavals prior to the Most Great Peace:

    Commentary:
    Re: Daniel 12:1, it has previously been shown in note #5 that Michael is a name for Bahá'u'lláh. There has never been such strife in the world as since the mid nineteenth century when the Bahá'í Faith was revealed.

    Re: 3 Peter 3:10, Jesus also said that His return would be like a thief in the night. Such a one comes and goes with no notice. Though the Faith of God is more widespread than Christianity or Islam, it's membership is not - the world has generally been asleep and not yet noticed the return of Christ in Bahá'u'lláh ("The Glory of " the Father).

  23. Bahá'u'lláh's warning of world-shaking upheavals prior to the Most Great Peace:

    Commentary:
    Can it be only coincidence that 'Abdu'l-Bahá spoke of nuclear weapons to the ambassador of the only country to ever have had such weapons used against them?

  24. Bahá'u'lláh declared that mankind's present world order is defective:
  25. The first step essential for the peace of mankind is its unification, which can be achieved only through the instrumentality of Bahá'u'lláh's Faith:
  26. Bahá'u'lláh encourages acceptance of the Lesser Peace after the rejection of the Kingdom of God by mankind's rulers:
  27. The Lesser Peace will be established by the masses:
  28. Consequences of ignoring Bahá'u'lláh's command to establish the Lesser Peace:
  29. Bahá'í vision of the Lesser Peace: